IGIDR Working Paper:Monetary Operating Procedures: Principles and the Indian process  

 

No:WP-2011-028

Author:Ashima Goyal

Title:Monetary Operating Procedures: Principles and the Indian process

Abstract:

As markets deepen and interest elasticities increase it is optimal for emerging markets to shift towards an interest rate instrument since continuing monetization of the economy implies money demand shocks are large. In an extension of the classic instrument choice problem to the case of frequent supply shocks, it is shown the variance of output is lower with the interest rate rather than a monetary aggregate as instrument, if the interest elasticity of aggregate demand is negative, and the interest elasticity of money demand is high or low. It is necessary to design an appropriate monetary policy response to supply shocks. An evaluation of India’s monetary policy procedures and of the recent fine-tuning of the liquidity adjustment facility finds them to be in tune with these first principles and in the direction of international best practices. But a survey of country experiences and procedures, and some aspects of the Indian context suggest further improvements.


Key words:Monetary policy, operating procedures, instrument problem, LAF


JEL Code(s):E58, E52


Weblink: http://www.igidr.ac.in/pdf/publication/WP-2011-028.pdf